The thoracic spine consists of the 12 vertebrae between your neck and lower back. The ends of your ribs, although not attached to the spine, rest in indentations in the thoracic vertebrae that help support the ribs. This arrangement also makes the thoracic vertebrae more stable than other vertebrae. Disc herniation in the thoracic spine is relatively rare compared to the lumbar (link) vertebrae in the lower back and the cervical (link) vertebrae in the neck. Thoracic disc herniations account for less than 1 percent of all protruded discs.
Symptoms of thoracic disc herniation may include:
Your doctor will examine your movements, strength and reflexes. He or she also may recommend the following tests:
Most often, thoracic disc herniation is treated with bed rest and pain medication. However, surgery may be recommended if the condition doesn't respond to conservative treatment or if the disc is impinging on the spinal cord and causing symptoms or signs of spinal cord dysfunction.
Surgical treatment consists of removing the damaged disc or discs, a procedure called a discectomy. It also may include removing the lamina, the upper part of the vertebrae, to give the spinal cord more room. In the past, discectomy was usually a major surgery done through a large incision. Today, it is more likely to be performed using small incisions, miniature instruments and a viewing instrument called an endoscope.
Reviewed by health care specialists at UCSF Medical Center.
400 Parnassus Ave., Third Floor
San Francisco, CA 94143-0332
Phone: (866) 81-SPINE or
Neuro-spine Fax: (415) 353-2176
Ortho-spine Fax: (415) 353-4047