If a patient has symptoms that suggest bladder cancer, the doctor may check general signs of health and may order lab tests. The person may have one or more of the following procedures:
- Physical exam The doctor feels the abdomen and pelvis for tumors. The physical exam may include a rectal or vaginal exam.
- Urine tests The laboratory checks the urine for blood, cancer cells and other signs of disease.
- Intravenous Pyelogram The doctor injects dye into a blood vessel. The dye collects in the urine, making the bladder show up on X-rays.
- Cystoscopy The doctor uses a thin, lighted tube, called a cystoscope, to look directly into the bladder. The doctor inserts the cystoscope into the bladder through the urethra to examine the lining of the bladder. The patient usually does not need anesthesia for this procedure.
UCSF Health medical specialists have reviewed this information. It is for educational purposes only and is not intended to replace the advice of your doctor or other health care provider. We encourage you to discuss any questions or concerns you may have with your provider.