When the kidneys stop working, the condition is referred to as "end-stage renal disease." Toxic waste products accumulate in the body and either dialysis or a kidney transplant is required to sustain life.
The most common causes of kidney failure include:
- Diabetes mellitus
- High blood pressure
- Polycystic kidney disease
- Severe defects of the urinary tract
UCSF Health medical specialists have reviewed this information. It is for educational purposes only and is not intended to replace the advice of your doctor or other health care provider. We encourage you to discuss any questions or concerns you may have with your provider.