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Treatment Heart & Vascular

Mitral Valve Prolapse

In many cases, mitral valve prolapse doesn't cause any symptoms and doesn't require treatment. If mild symptoms or irregularities arise, they can often be controlled with medication, such as a beta blocker, which may ease discomfort. Other moderate symptoms can also be corrected with medication, such as digoxin to strengthen the heartbeat, blood thinners to reduce the risk of clots and vasodilators to relax the blood vessels. However, if the problem worsens, surgery may be the best option.

Most prolapsing valves can be repaired with a minimally invasive procedure called keyhole surgery. A surgeon will make a small incision on the right side of the chest, then thread a long, slim, robotic-assisted endoscope between two ribs to reach the heart. Compared to open heart surgery, this approach results in less pain, less blood loss and a faster recovery time.

UCSF Health medical specialists have reviewed this information. It is for educational purposes only and is not intended to replace the advice of your doctor or other health care provider. We encourage you to discuss any questions or concerns you may have with your provider.

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