Steven Hetts, MD

Neurointerventional radiologist

Dr. Steven Hetts specializes in interventional neuroradiology, the minimally invasive diagnosis and treatment of vascular disorders of the brain and spine, including aneurysms, arteriovenous malformations, arteriovenous fistulas, atherosclerosis and tumors.

Hetts earned a medical degree at Harvard Medical School and completed a residency in diagnostic radiology and a fellowship in diagnostic and interventional neuroradiology at UCSF. In his research, he studies pediatric brain aneurysms and vascular malformations, spinal vascular malformations and interventional MRI. He also is chief of neuroradiology at San Francisco General Hospital and a professor of radiology at UCSF.


HHT Center of Excellence
185 Berry St., Suite 180, Lobby 6
San Francisco, CA 94107
Phone: (415) 353-8867
Fax: (415) 353-4503

Hours: Monday to Friday,
8 a.m. – 4:30 p.m.

Neurointerventional Radiology
505 Parnassus Ave., Third Floor, Room M-327
San Francisco, CA 94143
Consultation: (415) 353-1863
Scheduling: (415) 353-1869
Fax: (415) 353-8606

Hours: Monday to Friday
8 a.m. – 5 p.m.

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Harvard School of Medicine 2000


UCSF Medical Center, Diagnostic Radiology 2005

Selected Research and Publications

  1. Yu JF, Nicholson AD, Nelson J, Alexander MD, Tse SH, Hetts SW, Hemphill JC, Kim H, Cooke DL. Predictors of intracranial hemorrhage volume and distribution in brain arteriovenous malformation. Interv Neuroradiol. 2018 Jan 01; 1591019917749819.
  2. Alexander MD, Rebhun JM, Hetts SW, Amans MR, Settecase F, Darflinger RJ, Dowd CF, Halbach VV, Higashida RT, Cooke DL. Technical factors affecting outcomes following endovascular treatment of posterior circulation atherosclerotic lesions. Surg Neurol Int. 2017; 8:284.
  3. Cooke DL, McCoy DB, Halbach VV, Hetts SW, Amans MR, Dowd CF, Higashida RT, Lawson D, Nelson J, Wang CY, Kim H, Werb Z, McCulloch C, Hashimoto T, Su H, Sun Z. Endovascular Biopsy: In Vivo Cerebral Aneurysm Endothelial Cell Sampling and Gene Expression Analysis. Transl Stroke Res. 2017 Sep 13.
  4. Alexander MD, Hippe DS, Cooke DL, Hallam DK, Hetts SW, Kim H, Lawton MT, Sekhar LN, Kim LJ, Ghodke BV. Targeted Embolization of Aneurysms Associated With Brain Arteriovenous Malformations at High Risk for Surgical Resection: A Case-Control Study. Neurosurgery. 2017 Apr 13.
  5. Zhang X, Martin A, Jordan C, Lillaney P, Losey A, Pang Y, Hu J, Wilson M, Cooke D, Hetts SW. Design of catheter radio frequency coils using coaxial transmission line resonators for interventional neurovascular MR imaging. Quant Imaging Med Surg. 2017 Apr; 7(2):187-194.
  6. Settecase F, McCoy DB, Darflinger R, Alexander MD, Cooke DL, Dowd CF, Hetts SW, Higashida RT, Halbach VV, Amans MR. Improving mechanical thrombectomy time metrics in the angiography suite: Stroke cart, parallel workflows, and conscious sedation. Interv Neuroradiol. 2017 Jan 01; 1591019917742326.
  7. Kondapavulur S, Cote AM, Neumann KD, Jordan CD, McCoy D, Mabray MC, Liu D, Sze CH, Gautam A, VanBrocklin HF, Wilson M, Hetts SW. Optimization of an endovascular magnetic filter for maximized capture of magnetic nanoparticles. Biomed Microdevices. 2016 Dec; 18(6):109.
  8. Aboian MS, Yu JF, Gautam A, Sze CH, Yang JK, Chan J, Lillaney PV, Jordan CD, Oh HJ, Wilson DM, Patel AS, Wilson MW, Hetts SW. In vitro clearance of doxorubicin with a DNA-based filtration device designed for intravascular use with intra-arterial chemotherapy. Biomed Microdevices. 2016 Dec; 18(6):98.
  9. Ryu WHA, Avery MB, Dharampal N, Allen IE, Hetts SW. Utility of perfusion imaging in acute stroke treatment: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Neurointerv Surg. 2017 Oct; 9(10):1012-1016.
  10. Lum MA, Martin AJ, Alexander MD, McCoy DB, Cooke DL, Lillaney P, Moftakhar P, Amans MR, Settecase F, Nicholson A, Dowd CF, Halbach VV, Higashida RT, McDermott MW, Saloner D, Hetts SW. Intra-Arterial MR Perfusion Imaging of Meningiomas: Comparison to Digital Subtraction Angiography and Intravenous MR Perfusion Imaging. PLoS One. 2016; 11(11):e0163554.
  11. Alexander MD, Nicholson AD, Darflinger RJ, Settecase F, Cooke DL, Dowd CF, Amans MR, Higashida RT, Hetts SW, Halbach VV. Effects on vessel measurement accuracy and subsequent occlusion after calcium channel blocker infusion during treatment of cerebral aneurysms with the Pipeline embolization device. Interv Neuroradiol. 2017 Feb; 23(1):47-51.
  12. Pride GL, Fraser JF, Gupta R, Alberts MJ, Rutledge JN, Fowler R, Ansari SA, Abruzzo T, Albani B, Arthur A, Baxter B, Bulsara KR, Chen M, Delgado Almandoz JE, Gandhi CD, Heck D, Hetts SW, Hirsch JA, Hussain MS, Klucznik R, Lee SK, Mack WJ, Leslie-Mazwi T, McTaggart RA, Meyers PM, Mocco J, Prestigiacomo C, Patsalides A, Rasmussen P, Starke RM, Sunenshine P, Frei D, Jayaraman MV. Prehospital care delivery and triage of stroke with emergent large vessel occlusion (ELVO): report of the Standards and Guidelines Committee of the Society of Neurointerventional Surgery. J Neurointerv Surg. 2017 Aug; 9(8):802-812.
  13. Hetts SW, Moftakhar P, Maluste N, Fullerton HJ, Cooke DL, Amans MR, Dowd CF, Higashida RT, Halbach VV. Pediatric intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulas: age-related differences in clinical features, angioarchitecture, and treatment outcomes. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2016 Nov; 18(5):602-610.
  14. Chen XC, Oh HJ, Yu JF, Yang JK, Petzetakis N, Patel AS, Hetts SW, Balsara NP. Block Copolymer Membranes for Efficient Capture of a Chemotherapy Drug. ACS Macro Lett. 2016 Aug 16; 5(8):936-941.
  15. Turk AS, Johnston SC, Hetts S, Mocco J, English J, Murayama Y, Prestigiacomo CJ, Lopes D, Gobin YP, Carroll K, McDougall C. Geographic Differences in Endovascular Treatment and Retreatment of Cerebral Aneurysms. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2016 Jul 07.
  16. De la Huerta I, Seider MI, Hetts SW, Damato BE. Delayed Cerebral Infarction Following Intra-arterial Chemotherapy for Retinoblastoma. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016 Jun 01; 134(6):712-4.
  17. Lavine SD, Cockroft K, Hoh B, Bambakidis N, Khalessi AA, Woo H, Riina H, Siddiqui A, Hirsch JA, Chong W, Rice H, Wenderoth J, Mitchell P, Coulthard A, Signh TJ, Phatorous C, Khangure M, Klurfan P, Ter Brugge K, Iancu D, Gunnarsson T, Jansen O, Muto M, Szikora I, Pierot L, Brouwer P, Gralla J, Renowden S, Andersson T, Fiehler J, Turjman F, White P, Januel AC, Spelle L, Kulcsar Z, Chapot R, Biondi A, Dima S, Taschner C, Szajner M, Krajina A, Sakai N, Matsumaru Y, Yoshimura S, Ezura M, Fujinaka T, Iihara K, Ishii A, Higashi T, Hirohata M, Hyodo A, Ito Y, Kawanishi M, Kiyosue H, Kobayashi E, Kobayashi S, Kuwayama N, Matsumoto Y, Miyachi S, Murayama Y, Nagata I, Nakahara I, Nemoto S, Niimi Y, Oishi H, Satomi J, Satow T, Sugiu K, Tanaka M, Terada T, Yamagami H, Diaz O, Lylyk P, Jayaraman MV, Patsalides A, Gandhi CD, Lee SK, Abruzzo T, Albani B, Ansari SA, Arthur AS, Baxter BW, Bulsara KR, Chen M, Almandoz JED, Fraser JF, Heck DV, Hetts SW, Hussain MS, Klucznik RP, Leslie-Mawzi TM, Mack WJ, McTaggart RA, Meyers PM, Mocco J, Prestigiacomo CJ, Pride GL, Rasmussen PA, Starke RM, Sunenshine PJ, Tarr RW, Frei DF, Ribo M, Nogueira RG, Zaidat OO, Jovin T, Linfante I, Yavagal D, Liebeskind D, Novakovic R, Pongpech S, Rodesch G, Soderman M, Taylor A, Krings T, Orbach D, Picard L, Suh DC, Zhang HQ. Training guidelines for endovascular stroke intervention: an international multi-society consensus document. Neuroradiology. 2016 Jun; 58(6):537-541.
  18. McGregor HC, Saeed M, Surman A, Ehman EC, Hetts SW, Wilson MW, Conrad MB. Gallbladder Cryoablation: Proof of Concept in a Swine Model for a Percutaneous Alternative to Cholecystectomy. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2016 Jul; 39(7):1031-5.
  19. Alexander MD, Cooke DL, Hallam DK, Kim H, Hetts SW, Ghodke BV. Less can be more: Targeted embolization of aneurysms associated with arteriovenous malformations unsuitable for surgical resection. Interv Neuroradiol. 2016 Aug; 22(4):445-51.
  20. Saeed M, Krug R, Do L, Hetts SW, Wilson MW. Renal ablation using magnetic resonance-guided high intensity focused ultrasound: Magnetic resonance imaging and histopathology assessment. World J Radiol. 2016 Mar 28; 8(3):298-307.

Publications are derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and provided by UCSF Profiles, a service of the Clinical & Translational Science Institute (CTSI) at UCSF. Researchers can make corrections and additions to their publications by logging on to UCSF Profiles.