There is currently no cure for lupus. However, for most people, effective treatment can greatly reduce symptoms and help maintain normal body functions. Treatment often includes:
- Medications to reduce inflammation and activity of the immune system
- Balancing rest with exercise
- Maintaining a healthy diet
Medications commonly used to treat lupus, include:
- Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs): These drugs, such as aspirin and ibuprofen, may relieve muscle and joint pain as well as arthritis.
- Acetaminophen: This is the main ingredient in Tylenol, a mild pain reliever.
- Corticosteroids: Synthetically produced corticosteroids, such as Prednisone, are used to reduce inflammation and suppress activity of the immune system.
- Antimalarials: These drugs, such as Plaquenil, help with symptoms of lupus and also may prevent major flares in other organs.
- Immunomodulating Drugs: These drugs, such as Imuran, Cellcept, Methotrexate and Cytoxan, suppress the immune system. They may allow a reduction in the dose of corticosteroids.
For most people with lupus, making positive lifestyle changes allow them to better manage the disease and improve their quality of life. Preventive measures include:
- Regular exercise that helps prevent muscle weakness and fatigue
- Immunizations to protect against specific infections
- Lifestyle adjustments, such as getting plenty of rest, reducing stress, eating a balanced diet and quitting smoking
- Avoiding excessive sun exposure or regularly applying sunscreens in order to reduce rashes and flares in lupus
Reviewed by health care specialists at UCSF Medical Center.
UCSF Clinics & Centers
400 Parnassus Ave., Floor B1
San Francisco, CA 94143
Phone: (415) 353-2497
Fax: (415) 353-2530