Amylase - urine
This is a test that measures the amount of amylase in urine. Amylase is an
Amylase may also be
How the Test is Performed
A urine sample is needed. The test may be performed using:
Clean-catch urine test 24-hour urine collection
How to Prepare for the Test
Many medicines can interfere with test results.
- Your health care provider will tell you if you need to stop taking any medicines before you have this test.
- Do not stop or change your medicines without talking to your provider first.
How the Test will Feel
The test involves only normal urination. There is no discomfort.
Why the Test is Performed
This test is sometimes done to help diagnose pancreatitis and other diseases that affect the pancreas.
The normal range is 2.6 to 21.2 international units per hour (IU/h).
Normal value ranges may vary slightly among different laboratories. Talk to your provider about the meaning of your specific test results.
The example above shows the common measurement range for results for these tests. Some laboratories use different measurements or may test different specimens.
What Abnormal Results Mean
An increased amount of amylase in the urine is called amylasuria. Increased urine amylase levels may be a sign of:
Acute pancreatitis Alcohol consumption Cancer of the pancreas, ovaries, or lungs Cholecystitis
- Ectopic or ruptured
- Gallbladder disease
- Infection of the salivary glands (called sialoadenitis, may be caused by bacteria,
mumpsor a blockage) Intestinal obstruction Pancreatic duct obstruction Pelvic inflammatory disease Perforated ulcer
Decreased amylase levels may be due to:
- Damage to the pancreas
- Kidney disease
Siddiqi HA, Rabinowitz S, Axiotis CA. Laboratory diagnosis of gastrointestinal and pancreatic disorders. In: McPherson RA, Pincus MR, eds. Henry's Clinical Diagnosis and Management by Laboratory Methods. 24th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2022:chap 23.
Vege SS. Acute pancreatitis. In: Feldman M, Friedman LS, Brandt LJ, eds. Sleisenger and Fordtran’s Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease. 11th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2021:chap 58.
Review Date: 04/30/2021
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