Monica Gandhi, MD

Infectious disease physician

Dr. Monica Gandhi is an expert in infectious diseases, particularly in the care of patients with HIV and AIDS. In her research, she has a special interest in HIV in women, including differences between women and men in antiretroviral exposure and responses to therapy. Her work on these subjects has been widely published.

Gandhi earned a medical degree at Harvard Medical School. At UCSF, she completed an internal medicine residency, infectious diseases fellowship and postdoctoral fellowship at the Center for AIDS Prevention. During her infectious diseases fellowship, she earned a master's degree of public health in epidemiology and biostatistics at the University of California at Berkeley. A professor of medicine, Gandhi has received many awards, including the Building Interdisciplinary Research Careers in Women's Health Award and the Hellman Award for Early Career Faculty.

More about Monica Gandhi


Harvard School of Medicine 1996


UCSF Medical Center, Internal Medicine 1999


UCSF Medical Center, Infectious Diseases 2002

Selected Research and Publications

  1. Baxi SM, Vittinghoff E, Bacchetti P, Huang Y, Chillag K, Wiegand R, Anderson PL, Grant R, Greenblatt RM, Buchbinder S, Gandhi M, Liu AY. Comparing pharmacologic measures of tenofovir exposure in a U.S. pre-exposure prophylaxis randomized trial. PLoS One. 2018; 13(1):e0190118.
  2. Mave V, Kinikar A, Kagal A, Nimkar S, Koli H, Khwaja S, Bharadwaj R, Gerona R, Wen A, Ramachandran G, Kumar H, Bacchetti P, Dooley KE, Gupte N, Gupta A, Gandhi M. Isoniazid concentrations in hair and plasma area-under-the-curve exposure among children with tuberculosis. PLoS One. 2017; 12(12):e0189101.
  3. Greene M, Hessol NA, Perissinotto C, Zepf R, Hutton Parrott A, Foreman C, Whirry R, Gandhi M, John M. Loneliness in Older Adults Living with HIV. AIDS Behav. 2017 Nov 18.
  4. Metcalfe J, Gerona R, Wen A, Bacchetti P, Gandhi M. An LC-MS/MS-based method to analyze the anti-tuberculosis drug bedaquiline in hair. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2017 Sep 01; 21(9):1069-1070.
  5. Chawana TD, Gandhi M, Nathoo K, Ngara B, Louie A, Horng H, Katzenstein D, Metcalfe J, Nhachi CFB. Defining a Cutoff for Atazanavir in Hair Samples Associated With Virological Failure Among Adolescents Failing Second-Line Antiretroviral Treatment. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2017 Sep 01; 76(1):55-59.
  6. Markowitz M, Grossman H, Anderson PL, Grant R, Gandhi M, Horng H, Mohri H. Newly Acquired Infection with Multi-Drug Resistant HIV-1 in a Patient Adherent to Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2017 Aug 26.
  7. Koss CA, Hosek SG, Bacchetti P, Anderson PL, Liu AY, Horng H, Benet LZ, Kuncze K, Louie A, Saberi P, Wilson CM, Gandhi M. Comparison of Measures of Adherence to HIV Preexposure Prophylaxis among Adolescent and Young Men Who Have Sex with Men in the United States. Clin Infect Dis. 2017 Aug 24.
  8. Gandhi M, Murnane PM, Bacchetti P, Elion R, Kolber MA, Cohen SE, Horng H, Louie A, Kuncze K, Koss CA, Anderson PL, Buchbinder S, Liu A. Hair Levels of PrEP Drugs Measure Adherence and are Associated with Renal Decline Among Men/Transwomen in an Open Label PrEP Study. AIDS. 2017 Aug 21.
  9. Pintye J, Bacchetti P, Teeraananchai S, Kerr S, Prasitsuebsai W, Singtoroj T, Kuncze K, Louie A, Koss CA, Jin C, Phung N, Horng H, Sohn AH, Gandhi M. Brief Report: Lopinavir Hair Concentrations are the Strongest Predictor of Viremia in HIV-infected Asian Children and Adolescents on Second-line Antiretroviral Therapy. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2017 Aug 18.
  10. Gustafson DR, Shi Q, Holman S, Minkoff H, Cohen MH, Plankey MW, Havlik R, Sharma A, Gange S, Gandhi M, Milam J, Hoover DR. Predicting death over 8 years in a prospective cohort of HIV-infected women: the Women's Interagency HIV Study. BMJ Open. 2017 Jun 30; 7(6):e013993.
  11. Saberi P, Neilands TB, Ming K, Johnson MO, Kuncze K, Koss CA, Gandhi M. Strong Correlation between Concentrations of Antiretrovirals in Home-Collected and Study-Collected Hair Samples: Implications for Adherence Monitoring. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2017 Jun 26.
  12. Gwadz MV, Collins LM, Cleland CM, Leonard NR, Wilton L, Gandhi M, Scott Braithwaite R, Perlman DC, Kutnick A, Ritchie AS. Using the multiphase optimization strategy (MOST) to optimize an HIV care continuum intervention for vulnerable populations: a study protocol. BMC Public Health. 2017 May 04; 17(1):383.
  13. Christopoulos KA, Hartogensis W, Glidden DV, Pilcher CD, Gandhi M, Geng EH. Limitations of using the Lorenz curve framework to understand the distribution of population viral load: authors' reply. AIDS. 2017 Mar 13; 31(5):742-743.
  14. Koss CA, Bacchetti P, Hillier SL, Livant E, Horng H, Mgodi N, Mirembe BG, Gomez Feliciano K, Horn S, Liu AY, Glidden DV, Grant RM, Benet LZ, Louie A, van der Straten A, Chirenje ZM, Marrazzo JM, Gandhi M. Differences in Cumulative Exposure and Adherence to Tenofovir in the VOICE, iPrEx OLE, and PrEP Demo Studies as Determined via Hair Concentrations. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2017 Mar 02.
  15. Christopoulos KA, Hartogensis W, Glidden DV, Pilcher CD, Gandhi M, Geng EH. The Lorenz curve: a novel method for understanding viral load distribution at the population level. AIDS. 2017 Jan 14; 31(2):309-310.
  16. Pilcher CD, Ospina-Norvell C, Dasgupta A, Jones D, Hartogensis W, Torres S, Calderon F, Demicco E, Geng E, Gandhi M, Havlir DV, Hatano H. The Effect of Same-Day Observed Initiation of Antiretroviral Therapy on HIV Viral Load and Treatment Outcomes in a US Public Health Setting. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2017 Jan 01; 74(1):44-51.
  17. Gandhi M, Johnson M. Creating More Effective Mentors: Mentoring the Mentor. AIDS Behav. 2016 Sep; 20 Suppl 2:294-303.
  18. Gandhi M, Glidden DV, Mayer K, Schechter M, Buchbinder S, Grinsztejn B, Hosek S, Casapia M, Guanira J, Bekker LG, Louie A, Horng H, Benet LZ, Liu A, Grant RM. Association of age, baseline kidney function, and medication exposure with declines in creatinine clearance on pre-exposure prophylaxis: an observational cohort study. Lancet HIV. 2016 Nov; 3(11):e521-e528.
  19. John MD, Greene M, Hessol NA, Zepf R, Parrott AH, Foreman C, Bourgeois J, Gandhi M, Hare CB. Geriatric Assessments and Association With VACS Index Among HIV-Infected Older Adults in San Francisco. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2016 Aug 15; 72(5):534-41.
  20. Gerona R, Wen A, Koss C, Bacchetti P, Gandhi M, Metcalfe J. A multi-analyte panel for non-invasive pharmacokinetic monitoring of second-line anti-tuberculosis drugs. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2016 Jul; 20(7):991-2.

Publications are derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and provided by UCSF Profiles, a service of the Clinical & Translational Science Institute (CTSI) at UCSF. Researchers can make corrections and additions to their publications by logging on to UCSF Profiles.