Carolyn S. Calfee, MD


Dr. Carolyn Calfee cares for patients in the intensive care units at UCSF Medical Center. She is also a member of UCSF's Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education and an associate member of the UCSF Cancer Center.

Calfee's primary research focus is the prevention, diagnosis, prognosis and treatment of acute lung injury (ALI) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Her current research projects include the role of biomarkers in investigating ALI/ARDS pathogenesis, early diagnosis, treatment and prognosis; the role of cigarette smoke exposure in susceptibility to lung injury; and novel treatments for acute lung injury.

Calfee received her undergraduate degree from Yale University and her medical degree from the University of Pennsylvannia School of Medicine. She came to UCSF for residency in internal medicine, and stayed to complete her chief residency and pulmonary/critical care medicine fellowship. She also completed a master's degree in clinical research at UCSF in 2009. After research training with Dr Michael Matthay and Dr. Mark Eisnere, she joined the UCSF faculty in 2007. She is an associate professor in residence of medicine and anesthesia.

Academic Title

Associate Professor

More about Carolyn S. Calfee

Additional Languages



University of Pensylvannia School of Medicine 1999


UCSF Medical Center, Internal Medicine 2002


UCSF Medical Center, Pulmonary Medicine 2007

Selected Research and Publications

  1. Panzer AR, Lynch SV, Langelier C, Christie JD, McCauley K, Nelson M, Cheung CK, Benowitz NL, Cohen MJ, Calfee CS. Lung Microbiota is Related to Smoking Status and to Development of ARDS in Critically Ill Trauma Patients. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2017 Oct 16.
  2. Calfee CS, Delucchi K, Famous KR. Reply: Next Step to Understanding Subphenotypes of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2017 Sep 15; 196(6):796.
  3. Mehta S, Burns KEA, Machado FR, Fox-Robichaud AE, Cook DJ, Calfee CS, Ware LB, Burnham EL, Kissoon N, Marshall JC, Mancebo J, Finfer S, Hartog C, Reinhart K, Maitland K, Stapleton RD, Kwizera A, Amin P, Abroug F, Smith O, Laake JH, Shrestha GS, Herridge MS. Gender Parity in Critical Care Medicine. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2017 Aug 15; 196(4):425-429.
  4. Zhao Z, Wickersham N, Kangelaris KN, May AK, Bernard GR, Matthay MA, Calfee CS, Koyama T, Ware LB. External validation of a biomarker and clinical prediction model for hospital mortality in acute respiratory distress syndrome. Intensive Care Med. 2017 Aug; 43(8):1123-1131.
  5. Meyer NJ, Calfee CS. Novel translational approaches to the search for precision therapies for acute respiratory distress syndrome. Lancet Respir Med. 2017 Jun; 5(6):512-523.
  6. Chun LF, Moazed F, Calfee CS, Matthay MA, Gotts JE. Pulmonary toxicity of e-cigarettes. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2017 Aug 01; 313(2):L193-L206.
  7. Zinter MS, Orwoll BE, Spicer AC, Alkhouli MF, Calfee CS, Matthay MA, Sapru A. Incorporating Inflammation into Mortality Risk in Pediatric Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. Crit Care Med. 2017 May; 45(5):858-866.
  8. Bos LD, Schouten LR, van Vught LA, Wiewel MA, Ong DSY, Cremer O, Artigas A, Martin-Loeches I, Hoogendijk AJ, van der Poll T, Horn J, Juffermans N, Calfee CS, Schultz MJ. Identification and validation of distinct biological phenotypes in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome by cluster analysis. Thorax. 2017 Oct; 72(10):876-883.
  9. Moazed F, Calfee CS. The Canary in the Coal Mine Is Coughing: Electronic Cigarettes and Respiratory Symptoms in Adolescents. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2017 Apr 15; 195(8):974-976.
  10. Gotts JE, Abbott J, Fang X, Yanagisawa H, Takasaka N, Nishimura SL, Calfee CS, Matthay MA. Cigarette Smoke Exposure Worsens Endotoxin-Induced Lung Injury and Pulmonary Edema in Mice. Nicotine Tob Res. 2017 Mar 09.
  11. Hendrickson CM, Abbott J, Zhuo H, Liu KD, Calfee CS, Matthay MA. Higher mini-BAL total protein concentration in early ARDS predicts faster resolution of lung injury measured by more ventilator-free days. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2017 May 01; 312(5):L579-L585.
  12. Famous KR, Delucchi K, Ware LB, Kangelaris KN, Liu KD, Thompson BT, Calfee CS. Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Subphenotypes Respond Differently to Randomized Fluid Management Strategy. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2017 Feb 01; 195(3):331-338.
  13. Bhatraju PK, Mukherjee P, Robinson-Cohen C, O'Keefe GE, Frank AJ, Christie JD, Meyer NJ, Liu KD, Matthay MA, Calfee CS, Christiani DC, Himmelfarb J, Wurfel MM. Acute kidney injury subphenotypes based on creatinine trajectory identifies patients at increased risk of death. Crit Care. 2016 Nov 17; 20(1):372.
  14. Spicer AC, Calfee CS, Zinter MS, Khemani RG, Lo VP, Alkhouli MF, Orwoll BE, Graciano AL, Boriosi JP, Howard JP, Flori HR, Matthay MA, Sapru A. A Simple and Robust Bedside Model for Mortality Risk in Pediatric Patients With Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2016 Oct; 17(10):907-916.
  15. Luo L, Shaver CM, Zhao Z, Koyama T, Calfee CS, Bastarache JA, Ware LB. Clinical Predictors of Hospital Mortality Differ Between Direct and Indirect ARDS. Chest. 2017 Apr; 151(4):755-763.
  16. Kangelaris KN, Ware LB, Matthay MA, Calfee CS. The authors reply. Crit Care Med. 2016 Aug; 44(8):e771.
  17. Kangelaris KN, Ware LB, Matthay MA, Calfee CS. The authors reply. Crit Care Med. 2016 Aug; 44(8):e769-70.
  18. Calfee CS. Opening the Debate on the New Sepsis Definition. Precision Medicine: An Opportunity to Improve Outcomes of Patients with Sepsis. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2016 Jul 15; 194(2):137-9.
  19. Prescott HC, Calfee CS, Thompson BT, Angus DC, Liu VX. Toward Smarter Lumping and Smarter Splitting: Rethinking Strategies for Sepsis and Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Clinical Trial Design. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2016 Jul 15; 194(2):147-55.
  20. Hendrickson CM, Howard BM, Kornblith LZ, Conroy AS, Nelson MF, Zhuo H, Liu KD, Manley GT, Matthay MA, Calfee CS, Cohen MJ. The acute respiratory distress syndrome following isolated severe traumatic brain injury. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2016 Jun; 80(6):989-97.

Publications are derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and provided by UCSF Profiles, a service of the Clinical & Translational Science Institute (CTSI) at UCSF. Researchers can make corrections and additions to their publications by logging on to UCSF Profiles.