Sexually Transmitted Diseases
There are numerous sexually transmitted diseases, or STDs, and the consequences of leaving them untreated can be very serious. Treatments may include antibiotic or antiviral medication.
Common Types of STDs
- Chlamydia trachomatisThe most common sexually transmitted disease in the United States, chlamydia is caused by bacteria and results in a genital infection. It must be treated with antibiotics, otherwise it can spread to other pelvic organs and lead to chronic pelvic pain and infertility. Your sexual partner will need to be treated also.
- Herpes genitalisAnother common STD, genital herpes is a viral infection that doesn't lead to chronic pelvic pain or infertility, but can cause very painful and disturbing genital blisters. Antiviral medications can be prescribed that will reduce discomfort. There is no cure for the infection itself, although it may be dormant indefinitely.
- Venereal or genital wartsAlso called condyloma accuminata, genital warts are caused by a virus and can result in abnormal pap smears. Creams and some other medicines can make the warty tissue disappear, but the warts may recur.
- GonorrheaGonorrhea is caused by bacteria and can be treated with an antibiotic. Both partners need to be treated. Women often don't have symptoms, but vaginal discharge or painful urination may occur. Men are more likely to have discharge and painful urination. Untreated, gonorrhea can spread to other parts of the body and cause serious complications.
- TrichomonasThis infection can cause foul discharge and extreme itching. Both partners need to be treated with antibiotics.
- SyphilisSyphilis isn't as common as the above diseases but can have very serious consequences for women and their babies. It is caused by bacteria and can be treated by antibiotics. Both the woman and her partner need to be treated.
- HIV/AIDS and Hepatitis BThese are viral infections that can be transmitted sexually, from mother to baby during birth, or through infected blood. There are presently no cures for these diseases, but they can be managed with antivirals and other medicines.
Hepatitis B is a serious liver disease. Vaccine is available to prevent contracting Hepatitis B. HIV/AIDS can destroy the natural immune system, leaving the patient vulnerable to a number of different conditions.
Our Approach to Sexually Transmitted Diseases
UCSF offers personalized, sensitive care for all sexually transmitted diseases. Our mission is to provide every woman who comes to us with the highest quality care and the information she needs to make informed decisions about her health. We encourage each patient to participate in choosing the treatment option that's best for her.
UCSF Health medical specialists have reviewed this information. It is for educational purposes only and is not intended to replace the advice of your doctor or other health care provider. We encourage you to discuss any questions or concerns you may have with your provider.